What Are Psychedelics? Exploring the Science and Benefits of Psychedelic Drugs

Ah, psychedelics, you famously misunderstood party drug category long-shrouded in misconceptions and stigma, the plot point in a hundred terribly-written TV shows, and the villain of an entire decade. Lately, though, actual scientific study and a growing body of evidence is shedding new light on the powerful potential for perpetuating positive change in matters of mental health (not to mention spirituality and consciousness). When considering psychedelic and hallucinogens these days, we must take into account the rigourous clinic trials and personal anecdotes of profound healing–there is much to unpack around the seemilgly simple question of “what are psychedelics?”

I have tried to keep things clear and focused in this article, sticking to the basics. I’ll discuss the different types of psychoactive and mind-altering drugs and their unique effects. I’ll investigate emerging scientific research findings (helped by our resident MD Ankush Patel), and speak to the debate of just how the potential benefits outweigh the potential risks. 

Ultimately, my goal is to help you better understand the power of psychedelics to heal, to spark creativity, and open new doors in our very human pursuit to understand consciousness. 

Rick Strassman, an American clinical associate professor of psychiatry at the University of New Mexico School of Medicine, had this to say about what psychedelics are:

“Psychedelics show you what’s in and on your mind, those subconscious thoughts and feelings that are hidden, covered up, forgotten, out of sight, maybe even completely unexpected, but nevertheless imminently present. Depending upon set and setting, the same drug, at the same dose, can cause vastly different responses in the same person. One day, very little happens; another day, you soar, full of ecstatic and insightful discoveries; the next, you struggle through a terrifying nightmare. The generic nature of psychedelic, a term wide open to interpretation, suits these effects.”

— Rick Strassman


The word ‘Psychedelic’ comes from the Ancient Greek psukhḗ, meaning ‘mind’ or ‘soul’ and dêlos meaning to ‘manifest’ or ‘make visible’. Psychedelic refers to a psychoactive substance, natural or synthetic that facilitates the alteration of consciousness and temporarily alters sensory perceptions. The broad term encompasses ‘ethnobotanicals’ or plants used by traditional societies in some practical or ritualistic fashion, or compounds manufactured specifically to interact with neurochemistry and engineer altered states and enhanced perception.

In addition to psychoactive substances, altered states of consciousness can be achieved through means as diverse as auditory stimulation, ecstatic dance, breathing techniques, meditation and fasting among many others.

What Are Psychedelics?

what are psychedelics?

Psychedelics (hallucinagens) are a class of drugs that produce profound changes in perception, thought, and emotion, as well as visual and auditory hallucinations. Commonly used psychedelics include LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, MDMA (ecstasy) and DMT.
The effects of psychedelics on the mind vary widely depending on individual experience, environmental setting, and other factors. Generally, they may cause alteration in one’s sense of time, space, consciousness and self-awareness, increased creativity and insightfulness, enhanced sensory experience with music, light or art. They can also evoke profound spiritual awakenings and ecstatic states. Physiological studies have shown that psychedelic substances can reduce symptoms of depression and anxiety, increase mindfulness skills and even change attitudes towards death.
On the other hand, some detractors argue that psychedelics are dangerous substances due to their potential side effects such as fear and anxiety during the experience, impaired judgment afterwards and long term perceptual changes from overuse. Additionally, there is a risk of psychosis or hallucinatory episodes when taken in an uncontrolled setting or when combined with other drugs or medications. 

Next, I’ll explore several of the most well-known and most-used psychedelic substances.


Psilocybin is a naturally occurring psychedelic compound found in certain species of mushrooms. It has been used for centuries by indigenous cultures for spiritual and medicinal purposes. For example, the Aztecs referred to psilocybin as teonanácatl, or “divine mushroom”, and believed it could bring about divine visions and healing powers.

History of Use:

Psilocybin has been used in religious ceremonies since ancient times. In the 1950s, scientists began investigating its impact on humans and ascertained that it might generate intense psychological changes such as augmented compassion, increased creativity, altered states of awareness, improved emotional states, and diminished levels of nervousness. Recreational users have been drawn to psilocybin for its capacity to induce unique altered states of consciousness without the use of alcohol or cannabis.

The effects of psilocybin can vary depending on dosage size, but generally include feelings of euphoria, relaxation and heightened senses such as visuals. It has also been linked to introspection into one’s thoughts, feelings and emotions; increased empathy towards others or even animals; and a decreased fear response to stimuli which would normally cause fear responses. Additionally, research suggests that there may be potential therapeutic benefits associated with using psilocybin – for example, reducing symptoms related to depression and anxiety disorders, as well as helping individuals quit smoking cigarettes or reduce alcohol consumption when taken in controlled settings with trained professionals present during sessions where this substance is administered.

Psilocybin has a long and complex history of use, with potential effects ranging from spiritual enlightenment to therapeutic benefits. As we move on to the next psychedelic, MDMA, let us explore its unique journey and effects.


MDMA (also known as ecstasy or molly) is a synthetic psychoactive drug that produces feelings of euphoria, increased energy, and emotional closeness. It has been used recreationally since the 1980s and has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its ability to produce intense feelings of pleasure and connection with others. Legality varies from country to country, with some countries allowing its use for medical or therapeutic purposes while others have banned it entirely.

History of Use:

MDMA was first synthesized by German scientists in 1912 but did not gain popularity until the late 1970s when it began being used at underground dance parties in Europe. By the mid-1980s, MDMA had spread throughout North America and became widely available on college campuses across the United States. In 1985, it was classified as a Schedule I controlled substance, which made it illegal to possess or distribute without a prescription.

Effects and Benefits:

When taken orally, MDMA typically takes effect within 30 minutes and can last up to 6 hours depending on dosage size. The effects include an increase in energy levels, heightened senses such as sight and sound clarity, improved empathy towards others, decreased anxiety levels, reduced fear response time during stressful situations, along with enhanced self-confidence, among other things. Some studies have also suggested that MDMA may be beneficial for treating certain mental health conditions such as PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder).

MDMA has been widely used for its various therapeutic and recreational benefits, but the legal implications of its use vary from country to country. Despite this, LSD remains a popular psychedelic with an interesting history that continues to captivate many users today.


LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) is a powerful hallucinogenic drug that was first synthesized in 1938 by Swiss chemist Albert Hofmann. It produces profound changes in perception, thought processes, and emotions that can last up to 12 hours after ingestion. Legality varies from country to country, with some countries allowing its use for medical or therapeutic purposes while others have banned it entirely.

History of Use:

LSD has been used recreationally since the 1950s and 1960s when it became popular among counterculture movements such as the hippies and beatniks. In recent years, there has been an increase in research into the potential therapeutic benefits of LSD for treating mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety.

Effects and Benefits:

The effects of LSD are unpredictable due to its potency; however, users typically experience heightened sensory awareness, altered perceptions of time and space, visual distortions, feelings of euphoria or intense fear depending on their environment at the time they take it. Some people report having spiritual experiences while under the influence of LSD which can lead to long-term positive changes in attitude or behavior.

LSD has had a long and fascinating history, and while its effects can be both beneficial and detrimental, it is important to understand the legal implications of using this psychedelic. Now let’s take a look at another powerful psychedelic: mescaline.


Mescaline is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid found in certain cacti such as peyote and San Pedro cactus. It has been used by indigenous cultures for thousands of years for spiritual ceremonies and healing rituals. Mescaline has also become popular among modern-day psychonauts who seek to explore altered states of consciousness, increased empathy, and enhanced creativity.

History of Use:

The use of mescaline dates back thousands of years when it was consumed by Indigenous peoples in North America during religious ceremonies or healing rituals. In the early 20th century, mescaline became popular among Westerners seeking an experience with psychedelics due to its relative accessibility compared to other substances like LSD or psilocybin mushrooms.

When taken orally, mescaline can induce a variety of experiences including alterations in perception (e.g. visual distortions), shifts in consciousness, heightened empathy for others, augmented creativity, introspection into one’s feelings and thoughts, improved moods and decreased levels of anxiety. The duration of these effects typically spans four to eight hours depending on the dose ingested.

The legality surrounding mescaline varies from country to country; some countries allow its use for medical or therapeutic purposes, while others have banned it entirely. In the United States, possession or sale of mescaline is illegal under federal law. However, there are exceptions made for Native American tribes who are allowed to possess peyote for ceremonial purposes only if they register with the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA).

Mescaline has been used for centuries by various cultures for spiritual and medicinal purposes, but its legal status remains controversial. Now let’s take a look at some of the other psychedelics available today.

Other Psychedelics

Psychedelics are a class of drugs that produce profound changes in perception, thought processes, and emotions through their interaction with serotonin receptors in the brain. They include compounds such as psilocybin mushrooms a.k.a. magic mushrooms (a hallucinogen), ayahuasca (a South America-based plant-based brew), DMT (dimethyltryptamine), ketamine (a dissociative anesthetic), ibogaine (an African shrub), salvia divinorum (a Mexican herb) and 2C-B (a synthetic drug). Legality varies from country to country depending on the specific substance being discussed; some psychedelics are legal while others are not allowed under any circumstances due to their potential risks when misused or abused.

There is a wide range of psychedelic substances available today, from naturally occurring plants and fungi to synthetically produced chemicals. There are the natural psychedelics I’ve already discussed, including psilocybin mushrooms, ayahuasca, peyote cactus containing mescaline, San Pedro cactus containing mescaline, as well as less popular sources: morning glory seeds containing lysergic acid amide or LSA, nutmeg with myristicin and elemicin as active ingredients; while synthetic psychedelics comprise LSD (first synthesized by Albert Hofmann in 1938), MDMA (also known as ecstasy), ketamine (used medically as an anesthetic but recreationally for its dissociative effects), 2C-B developed by Alexander Shulgin in 1974; dimethyltryptamine or DMT found naturally in certain plants like Psychotria viridis and Mimosa hostilis; 5-MeO-DMT present in Bufo alvarius frogs plus many other compounds having psychoactive properties.

Psychedelic use has a long history, with evidence suggesting that ancient cultures used these substances for spiritual rituals and healing purposes. In modern times, however, they have been mostly associated with recreational use. Over the past few decades, there has been increasing interest in exploring their therapeutic potentials, particularly for treating depression, anxiety, PTSD, addiction, eating disorders and end of life distress. Recently the FDA approved two clinical trials involving psilocybin therapy: one at Johns Hopkins University School Of Medicine focusing on major depressive disorder (MDD) treatment; another at NYU Langone Medical Center looking into smoking cessation treatments.

The impact of psychedelics may fluctuate contingent upon the kind, amount, atmosphere and environment. Generally speaking, most people who take them report positive experiences, even if it may be challenging emotionally, physically or mentally during peak moments. These effects can last anywhere between four to eight hours after ingestion, ranging from mild alterations in mood perception such as color intensity and sound clarity to intense altered states where users report feeling connectedness, unity, understanding, insight, and revelation.

What are psychedelics good for?

Psychedelics are powerful tools for personal growth and exploration. Emerging scientific research suggest psychedelic substances may reduce anxiety, depression, and addiction while promoting creativity, insight, and self-awareness. Psychedelics can also be used to explore the spiritual, or expand one’s understanding of reality. In addition, they have been studied as potential treatments for a variety of mental health conditions such as PTSD and OCD. Ultimately, psychedelics offer an opportunity to gain greater insight into oneself and the world around us – making them invaluable in our journey towards self-discovery.

Do Psychedelics Induce Hallucinations?

Hallucinations are caused by a variety of drugs, including psilocybin, MDMA (ecstasy), LSD, and mescaline. These substances can cause visual or auditory hallucinations that may range from mild to intense depending on the dose taken. They can also cause altered states of consciousness, changes in perception and mood, and other effects. It is important to note that these drugs should be used with caution and only under the supervision of a qualified medical professional.

What are the effects of using psychedelics?

The effects of using psychedelics vary depending on the drug taken and the individual experiencing them. Generally, users can expect to feel a heightened level of perceptual awareness and altered states of consciousness, which can include so-called “spiritual” experiences. Commonly reported effects of psychedelics include visual and auditory distortions, increased introspection, a sense of unity with others and nature, and a deeper appreciation for life. Psychedelic drugs have also been associated with increased creativity and a more profound psychological understanding. With careful consideration and safety protocols in place, research suggests that there may be beneficial therapeutic uses for psychedelic drugs in treating mental health issues such as PTSD, depression, addiction, and anxiety.

What safety measures should be taken when using psychedelics?

When it comes to safety measures for using psychedelics, the first and most important piece of advice is to make sure that you are in a safe environment with people that you trust. It is also essential to have someone sober with you who can monitor your experience and be available in case of an emergency. Additionally, it is advisable to ensure that you are well hydrated before and during the psychedelic session, and prepare a set of activities or tasks that can be done if needed. Other important safety considerations include avoiding operating any heavy machinery or driving after taking psychedelics, as well as avoiding combining them with alcohol or other drugs. Lastly, it is recommended to research the psychedelic substance thoroughly beforehand in order to know what effects to expect and any potential risks associated with its use.

What are the most common types of psychedelics?

The most common types of psychedelics are those in the lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), psilocybin (magic mushrooms), and mescaline (peyote) families. LSD, also known as acid, is an odorless and colorless synthesized chemical whose effects can last up to 12 hours. Psilocybin mushrooms can be eaten or brewed into a tea, with effects lasting around 4-6 hours. Mescaline is found naturally in peyote cacti (a type of cactus) and other members of the cactus family, with effects lasting around 12 hours.

These psychedelics produce intense changes in mood, altered perception of reality, enhanced creativity, feelings of unity with nature or others, and spiritual insight. Short-term potential risks include anxiety, confusion and panic attacks, while long-term risks may include flashbacks, impaired judgement, psychosis and psychological dependence.

Psychedelic Effects on Mental Health

Psychedelic drugs have become increasingly popular over the past few years for their potential to treat mental health issues like depression, anxiety, and PTSD. While many people believe that psychedelics are safe, there’s still a lot of unknown risk associated with taking them — so it’s important to be informed before using these substances.

It’s been well-documented how psychedelics can alter one’s consciousness, resulting in powerful visual and auditory hallucinations, altered perception, and uncontrollable emotions — but what about their effect on mental health?

Some studies have suggested that psychedelics may have a positive impact on mental health by helping to reduce symptoms of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. Psychedelic experiences often bring feelings of acceptance and connection, which may explain why they are so effective at treating psychological disorders. For instance, in one study published in The British Journal of Psychiatry, researchers found that after taking psilocybin (one of the active compounds in “magic mushrooms”), 64 percent of participants had no signs of depression or anxiety after six months. Additionally, there is evidence that psychedelics like LSD can help fight addiction by reducing cravings for cigarettes and alcohol.

On the other hand, there is also evidence indicating that psychedelic experiences can actually worsen mental health issues and even induce psychosis. In some cases, people who take these drugs experience powerful negative emotions like fear and confusion that can cause lasting psychological damage. And because psychedelics interact with brain chemistry in unpredictable ways — it’s impossible to predict how they will affect an individual’s personality or mental state.

Therefore, it’s important to consider both the potential benefits and risks of taking psychedelics before deciding whether or not to use them as therapy for mental health concerns. With more research being conducted each day into their effects on mental health, it could be possible to find ways to maximize their positive effects while minimizing any potential harm.

Making Consciousness a Tool for Healing

The notion of using consciousness as a tool for healing has become increasingly more accepted in recent years as a practical “outside-the-laboratory” method of capturing the benefits of entheogens. Psychedelic drugs, with their ability to unlock emotional clarity and stimulate thought, may have tremendous potential for therapeutic applications. In particular, psychedelics can be used to tap into the subconscious—the part of your psyche that is inaccessible to most people during everyday life—bringing about healing by allowing for exploration of parts of oneself that are difficult to access without psychedelic use.

Much research has been done exploring the potential healing power of psychedelics, but not all of it has been positive. Some researchers feel that psychedelic drugs disrupt conscious thought processes, creating an altered state that leads to confusion or even worsen existing mental health challenges. While they agree that attitude and set can play an important role in shaping the psychedelic experience, most believe that the lack of control makes psychedelics inappropriate medicine.

On the other hand, there is a substantial amount of evidence citing the potential benefits of psychedelic use when done responsibly and within controlled environments, such as clinical trials or medical settings. Studies have found that psychedelics can help those struggling with mental health issues process trauma and reduce anxiety levels, as well as offer insights into unconscious patterns in behavior or thinking which can be beneficial when trying to overcome addictions or working through underlying emotional difficulties. Furthermore, psychedelics could potentially help those dealing with depression find clarity and meaning in their lives again, as well as enhance creativity-related matters.

In summary, although there is much debate around making consciousness a tool for healing via psychedelic drug use, there is a considerable amount of research showing its potential therapeutic value when administered safely and responsibly in a clinical setting. As we move forward into exploring the potential medical applications of psychedelics in greater detail, it is essential to weigh both sides of this debate carefully..

Potential Medical Applications of Psychedelics

The use of classic psychedelics such as LSD, psilocybin and mescaline (to name a few) has re-entered clinical trials in the past two decades, particularly among various indices of mental health. While there is still a long road ahead before definitive medical applications can be established and widespread acceptance occurs, psychedelic drugs have been examined as potential treatments for a number of medical ailments including addiction and substance abuse, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, cluster headaches, and anorexia nervosa.

The therapeutic benefits appear to be considerable. For example, addiction recovery studies have observed significantly lower relapse rates among participants who utilized LSD or psilocybin in conjunction with traditional psychotherapeutic techniques. Likewise, other recent studies utilizing psilocybin suggest it may be effective in reducing symptoms associated with treatment-resistant depression, helping people emerge from their psychological woes with renewed optimism.

On the contrary, some are skeptical of the potential for therapeutic uses of psychedelics because of drawbacks that come along with any drug use. This includes potential for abuse; overdose; interactions with other medications; possible health consequences; anxiety, panic attacks or flashback episodes during or after use; personal safety concerns; and in some cases, requiring legal authorization or medical supervision. Such risks must not be overlooked when making an informed decision about taking these substances.

Raising further questions is why psychedelics actually help those suffering from various mental illnesses. Many believe this could be attributed to heightened awareness while under the influence of a psychedelic substance, which can lead users to view their lives from different perspectives with greater insight into how they think and feel. It’s also possible that psychedelics grant access to unconscious material previously inaccessible to conventional therapies – providing users with insight into the root causes of their illness and opening up potential avenues for conscious healing to begin. It is clear that extra study is needed to either confirm or deny these theories about why psychedelics have shown great promise in treating certain maladies.

Despite the controversial nature of psychedelic drugs and the mixed opinions on their therapeutic value, it’s undeniable that they have demonstrated immense promise in numerous clinical settings thus far. As research constantly evolves on this subject – better understanding efficacy; uncovering novel uses; finding ways to reduce risk factors – we move closer towards unlocking their full healing potential. The following section will explore how psychedelics are being used as therapy for treating depression.

Using Psychedelics for Depression Therapy

Using psychedelics for depression therapy is becoming increasingly popular, and there are a variety of studies and research outlining the potential benefits in recent years. Studies conducted on psilocybin, a psychoactive compound found in certain mushrooms, report that it effectively reduces symptoms of depression, with effects lasting up to several months. For individuals who have not been able to find relief from conventional medications, psychedelics may provide an alternative option to treat both anxiety and depression.

Many argue that psychedelic drugs could be more effective than traditional antidepressants due to the nature of their effect on the brain, as they target areas of the brain associated with emotions and self-reflection that standard antidepressant medications do not. Supporters further argue that these medications lack risk factors associated with antidepressant use, such as weight gain or addiction. Psychedelic drugs may also offer long-term improvements in mood due to their effects on the brain’s neural pathways.

However, opponents point to the lack of peer-reviewed clinical trials as well as the potential for abuse of psychedelic drugs as concerns about using them for depression treatment. Furthermore, these drugs are considered Schedule I by the FDA and are illegal under most circumstances. Therefore, critics question if there is enough evidence to suggest any conventional use of psychedelics as we lack a thorough understanding of their long-term effects.

It is clear that while there is much potential behind using psychedelics for treating depression, there remain numerous ethical and legal considerations when it comes to exploring this form of therapy and more research must be conducted into its safety and efficacy before it can become widely available. Furthering our knowledge on this topic is essential before utilizing psychedelics widely for clinical purposes. As such, next we will explore some of the risks involved with using psychedelic drugs.

The Dangers of Psychedelic Drug Use

The risks associated with the use of psychedelic drugs are no trivial matter and must be understood by anyone considering using them. As drugs that cause shifts in perception, altered thought patterns, and unpredictable physical side effects, psychedelics can produce a range of intense experiences, both positive and negative. Even when used responsibly, unexpected challenges can present themselves. When taken without proper guidance or instruction, the risks are compounded.

The primary danger related to using psychedelic drugs lies in the potential for adverse psychological reactions such as increased anxiety and paranoia or full-blown psychotic episodes. These reactions may appear during or after drug use and can stay with an individual for hours or weeks after taking a psychedelic drug. Such reactions are relatively infrequent but do occur, especially among those already predisposed to having mental health issues—whether they are aware of them or not. Additional physical risks associated with psychedelics include hyperthermia, dehydration, high blood pressure, tachycardia, arrhythmia, tremors, and seizures.

The use of psychedelics can also increase the risk of becoming accidently injured due to the impaired judgment sometimes brought on by these drugs. And because most street drugs are sold unlabeled, one cannot always know what exactly is being ingested. Contaminants may lead to more serious medical conditions including illnesses like Hepatitis C or staph infections. Further, combining different substances significantly increases the chances for unexpected negative outcomes such as overdose or death.

These potential harms highlight why it’s important for individuals considering using psychedelics to do so responsibly. For example, preparing appropriately before a session (both physically and mentally) as well as taking only pure substances from reliable sources can help minimize risks while allowing someone to experience its unique therapeutic effects.

Nevertheless, it’s important to remember that any form of drug use carries its own set of tightly coupled benefits and risks that should be carefully weighed prior to any decision that involves taking a psychedelic substance. With this in mind, we turn next towards the body of research delving into these remarkable natural compounds and the growing knowledge about their therapeutic effects and potential applications.

With an increasingly favorable shift in public opinion about psychedelics in recent years, a greater focus is being placed on understanding both the practical uses these compounds have in treating mental health issues as well as their overall safety profiles. In the following section we will explore some areas where scientific research on psychedelic drugs has been conducted and how their findings inform our view on this topic today.

Research on Psychedelic Drug Use

The use of psychedelic drugs has been surrounded by extensive debates and conflicting opinions, but objective research is shedding more light on the potential benefits of utilizing certain psychedelics in a responsible manner. Studies suggest that there are medical applications for psychedelics, including the treatment of mental health conditions such as anxiety, PTSD, and addiction. Research also suggests that psychedelics could be used to treat various other physical ailments, including migraines, chronic pain, and even cancer-related symptoms.

Some proponents of psychedelic drug use argue that incorporating certain psychedelics into one’s lifestyle can produce several life-enhancing experiences, such as improved moods and greater insight into personal issues. Others believe that the risks associated with psychedelic use, such as the potential for negative psychological effects and increased risk-taking behavior, far outweigh any potential benefits.

These differing perspectives showcase the debate surrounding psychedelic drug use that continues to affect public opinion and legislation today. In spite of this controversy, recent advancements in research have revealed promising evidence about the potential therapeutic applications of psychedelics in both physical and mental health contexts. As such, further research is needed to better understand the interaction between doctor- or self-administered psychedelic drugs and their impact on the human body before these substances are widely accepted as medical treatments.

With an increasing need for carefully conducted research to better understand the implications of psychedelic drug use, it’s clear that much more needs to be discovered in order to gain a deeper understanding of their impact on various aspects of our lives. The final word on psychedelics is yet to come, but advancement in research efforts is bringing us closer to unlocking their true potential.

The Final Word on Psychedelics

Psychedelics have long been a source of controversy, but their potential for therapeutic and spiritual value is gaining notoriety in recent years. While the long-term effects of psychedelic drug use remain largely unexplored and their legal status remains a contentious issue, psychedelic drugs offer a promising avenue to explore the complex but fascinating nature of the brain.

On one hand, psychedelics have been associated with mental health problems such as panic attacks, psychotic episodes, and depression. However, there is evidence to suggest that under certain conditions, psychedelic drugs can also result in improved mood, creativity and empathy. While psychedelics should not be used recreationally due to the potential risks involved, their use in supervised psychotherapeutic settings can offer many benefits.

At this point in time, researchers are still exploring the safety profile and potential beneficial impacts of psychedelics. Clinical trials are ongoing to determine which forms of treatment they may be most beneficial for, as well as optimal dosing considerations. While it is impossible to definitively state whether or not psychedelics can be beneficial for all individuals, emerging research is beginning to shed light on the matter.

Ultimately, when considering psychedelics, it is important to weigh both the known positive effects along with any potential risks associated with their use. As research continues and more becomes known about how these substances interact with the brain, we will gain even more insight into their effects on our mental health and wellbeing.